According to a regular press conference held by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment recently, as of July 23, the total transaction volume of carbon emission allowances in the national carbon market was 4.833 million tons, with a total transaction volume of nearly 250 million yuan. Since the launch of online trading in the national carbon market, market transactions have been active, transaction prices have risen steadily, and market operations have been stable. It is understood that carbon trading in the non-ferrous metal industry has attracted much attention.
Not long ago, the spokesperson of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology stated that it will work with relevant departments to formulate implementation plans for carbon peaking in key industries such as non-ferrous metals, building materials, steel, petrochemicals, etc., to clarify the implementation path of industrial carbon reduction, to promote major low-carbon technology and technology, and to develop Demonstration of major carbon reduction projects, and promote the implementation of carbon peak targets in various industries. This shows that non-ferrous metals have been placed in place.
The relevant person in charge of the China Non-ferrous Metals Industry Association stated that in the first half of this year, my country’s non-ferrous metal industry has seen steady economic growth, improved operating quality, and continued steady growth in non-ferrous metal production. In the first half of the year, the output of ten commonly used non-ferrous metals in my country was 32.549 million tons, an increase of 11% year-on-year; the total investment in fixed assets completed in the first half of the year increased by 15.7% year-on-year. Non-ferrous metal industrial enterprises above designated size (including independent gold companies) achieved total profits of 163.97 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 224.6%, an increase of 35.66 billion yuan from the profits realized in the first half of 2017, an average increase of 6.3% over the four years.
At the same time, the carbon emissions of the non-ferrous metal industry are also very considerable. According to statistics, in 2020, my country’s non-ferrous metal industry will emit 660 million tons of carbon dioxide, accounting for 4.7% of the country’s total emissions. Among them, electrolytic aluminum production consumes 502.2 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity, accounting for 6.7% of the country’s total electricity consumption, and carbon dioxide emissions are about 420 million tons. Therefore, conducting research on carbon emission reduction in non-ferrous metal smelting and exploring specific measures for low-carbon development are of great significance to reducing my country’s carbon emissions and achieving the dual carbon goal.
The head of the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association said not long ago that the relevant state departments have studied and formulated the “Implementation Plan for Carbon Peak in the Nonferrous Metals Industry.” This plan proposes to strive to achieve a carbon peak by 2025. This plan is at least 5 years ahead of the national carbon peak target.
Important promoter for achieving the double carbon goal
Non-ferrous metals will play an important role in the production, storage and application of clean energy.
In recent years, the global new energy automobile industry has developed rapidly, with annual output increasing year by year, and it has exceeded 2 million vehicles. In terms of sales volume, about 3.24 million new energy vehicles were sold globally in 2020. Among them, the European market accounted for 43.06%, ranking; the Chinese market accounted for about 41.27%, ranking second.
As we all know, the batteries of new energy vehicles are mainly composed of lithium iron phosphate and lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide. New energy batteries will drive the long-term growth in demand for lithium, cobalt, nickel and other metal varieties, and will have a clear boost to the non-ferrous metal industry. According to calculations, based on an estimate of the global average battery capacity of 53 kWh, the average copper and cobalt consumption of each electric car is 84 kg and 8 kg respectively. The increase in demand for electric vehicles means that an additional 4.08 million tons of copper will be required by 2030.
In addition to reducing emissions by boosting the development of the new energy automobile industry, non-ferrous metals will also have a lot to do in the power generation of new energy sources such as photovoltaics and wind energy.
It is understood that many countries in the world are currently vigorously developing photovoltaic and wind power generation. The component industry, which is necessary for the “wind and beauty”, is expected to bring a large amount of additional demand for copper. According to relevant data calculations, by 2030, China’s new photovoltaic installations will use nearly 500,000 tons of copper; and the wind power industry is expected to use 610,000 tons of copper by 2030.
Under the background of carbon peak and carbon neutrality, large-scale investment in the clean energy field will undoubtedly promote the long-term growth of copper demand, especially the explosive scale expansion in the clean energy field from 2021 to 2030, and the prospect of copper demand is very optimistic.
Insist on taking the road of resource recycling
The “14th Five-Year” Circular Economy Development Plan clearly stated that vigorously developing a circular economy is of great significance to safeguarding national resources, promoting the realization of carbon peak and carbon neutrality, and promoting the construction of ecological civilization.
The plan proposes that by 2025, my country will establish a resource recycling industry system to greatly improve the efficiency of renewable resource utilization. The replacement ratio of renewable resources to primary resources will be further increased, and the role of circular economy in supporting resources will be further highlighted. Among them, the output of recycled non-ferrous metals will reach 20 million tons.
It is understood that my country’s “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period has achieved results in the development of circular economy. In 2020, the output of recycled non-ferrous metals will be 14.5 million tons, accounting for 23.5% of the total domestic output of 10 non-ferrous metals. Among them, the output of recycled copper, recycled aluminum and recycled lead will be 325. 10,000 tons, 7.4 million tons, 2.4 million tons. Resource recycling has become an important way to protect our country’s resources.
During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, facing the new situation of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, there is an urgent need to develop a circular economy, improve resource utilization efficiency and the level of renewable resource utilization, and there is huge space.
At present, the development of my country’s circular economy is still facing problems such as the low level of standardized recycling of renewable resources in key industries, the lack of land security for recycling facilities, and the difficulty of using low-value recyclables. The recycling of bulk non-ferrous metals such as copper, aluminum, and lead is still focused on the low-end recycling. The precision and depth of metal sorting are insufficient, and the quality and cost of recycling cannot meet the key material requirements of emerging industries. It is urgent to improve the recycling capacity .
In the next step, the relevant state departments will cooperate with scientific research institutions and enterprises to carry out key public relations on key issues and greatly improve the application efficiency of recycled non-ferrous metals. By 2025, circular production methods will be implemented, green design and clean production will be widely promoted, comprehensive resource utilization capacity will be improved, and resource recycling industry system will be basically established; the output of recycled non-ferrous metals will reach 20 million tons, including recycled copper, recycled aluminum and recycled lead. The output reached 4 million tons, 11.5 million tons, and 2.9 million tons respectively, and the output value of the resource recycling industry reached 5 trillion yuan.
Accelerate the industry’s own green transformation and upgrading
The non-ferrous metals industry helps other industries to achieve the dual-carbon goals. First of all, it must achieve the dual-carbon goals by itself, and explore how to increase clean productivity in the production process, and achieve emission reduction and energy transformation.
In the next step, non-ferrous metal companies should vigorously promote the integration of industrialization and industrialization, promote the application of smart manufacturing and “Internet +”, and adopt scientific and technological means to reduce carbon emissions and increase carbon use; in key areas, pilot digital production and smart manufacturing demonstration factories should be carried out. Improve the level of intelligence in R&D, production and service, improve product performance stability and quality consistency; encourage business innovation and model innovation, promote the integration of “Internet +” with the entire process of production and operation, and promote personalized customization and flexible manufacturing. Meet diversified and multi-level needs.
In addition, non-ferrous metal companies should continue to develop circular economy and promote green development. Relevant government departments and industry associations should select a batch of technological achievements, promote them to the whole industry, and increase their transformation efforts. For example, promote the promotion and application of major energy-saving and consumption-reducing technologies in the smelting field, and organize experts to carry out the reduction of sulfide and nitrogen oxides. Technical research and promotion of drainage and other technologies, support the research and development and industrialization of high-aluminum fly ash comprehensive utilization technology, vigorously develop pollution reduction, toxic and hazardous raw material substitution, waste residue recycling and other green technology and equipment; revise industry norms and access conditions, Encourage and guide the transformation and upgrading of the industry to meet the needs of industrial technological progress under the new situation, raise the threshold of technology, energy consumption, and environmental protection, and promote the green development of the industry.
Faced with new market opportunities and challenges, non-ferrous metal companies must base themselves on their own, actively change their development methods, create new industrial clusters, develop new superior products, deepen and strengthen the industrial chain, and strive to create an industry that “makes the best in the market, but grows out of nothing” . For example, Qinghai Xiyu Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd. implements the comprehensive anode slime recycling project to recover valuable metals such as gold and silver in anode slime. At the same time, it uses the existing lead smelting system to co-process lead-containing hazardous wastes such as lead-containing glass to achieve In order to maximize the utilization of resources.
In the context of my country’s vigorous promotion of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, the non-ferrous metal industry can not only reduce its own emissions through technological upgrading, but also help other industries to achieve carbon neutrality as soon as possible. From non-ferrous metals to green energy, there is bound to be a lot to do.
Reference source: Internet
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Post time: Aug-19-2021